Cichlids (Such as: Angelfish, Discus)

This family is unique to its diversity, for size, shape, swimming levels and even behaviour. Body shapes range from the disc-like Discus, to the long and pointy Checkerboard. These fish can be very colourful, although many fish in this family get to a very big proportion. One of the most frustrating things about cichlids – although you can get them to breed, they can be very, very territorial wjen spawning.

Keyhole Cichlid (Aequidens maronii): The Keyhole is reported to be one of the most peaceful of cichlids, and don’t burrow often and shouldn’t damage plants. They form a nuclear family and can care for the fry up to 6 months
Size Origin Ease of keep Food Temp Type
120 mm Guyana Medium Carnivore 24 C Friendly

Oscar (Astronotus ocellatus):
These are a very popular fish, although too many new aquarists buy them, and then find out that they will eventually grow too large in their aquariums. Best to keep them in a very large tanks (roughly 100 gallons). They are carnivores, so any smaller fish may become victim to their diet. They are open breeder, and the brood should be cared for well.

Size Origin Ease of keep Food Temp Type
330 mm S.America Difficult Carnivore 24 C No small fish

Photo – Charlie Hatch.

 

Kribensis (Pelvicachromis pulcher): A very attractive Cichlid, and a very popular fish, as it only grows up to 3-4″. It would form pairs, and then into a close-knit family, which would then defend its territory/eggs.

Size Origin Ease of keep Food Temp Type
90 mm Africa Easy all foods 24 C Tolerant

Photo – Andrew Chant, Queensland, Australia.

 


Angelfish (pterophyllum scalare):
Angelfish has black bars on a silver-coloured body. However many new varieties have been developed. They are very graceful, slow moving, and are quite aggresive at breeding times.

Size Origin Ease of keep Food Temp Type
120 mm C.America Easy all foods 24 C Friendly

Picture- Freshwater Aquarium

 

Atlum Angel (pterophyllum atlum):

Of course, very similar to the Scalare. It can be a more of a difficult fish to keep, as it demands correct good water conditions (acid, clean) , They aremostly wild caught, and are quite rare. Would be territorial if were breeding.

Size Origin Ease of keep Food Temp Type
180 mm S.America Moderate all foods 28 C Species

Frontosa Cichlid (Cyphotilapia frontosa):
Very attractive fish, classic white and black striped colour on the body. They are territorial, but given enough space they can tolerate others, and shouldn’t harm plants. You can distinquish females/males, as males can have a pronounced bump on the forehead.

Size Origin Ease of keep Food Temp Type
350 mm Africa Moderate Live foods 24 C Tolerant

Picture – Henry Deford, H & B Cichlids

 


Electric Yellow ():
A very attractive fish, bright yellow body colour, Dorsal fin has a black streak giving it a good look. This is a peaceful fish, and is not territorial. They live in pairs, and form a matriach family

Size Origin Ease of keep Food Temp Type
150 mm Lake Malawi Easy Flakes, Live foods 24 C Friendly

Picture – Matt Staroscik

 


Ram (Apistogramma ramirezi):
This is a colourful fish, with blue spots across its body. It also has orange, yellow and purple hues. They are sensitive to change in the tanks water conditions

Size Origin Ease of keep Food Temp Type
60 mm S.America Moderate all foods 24 C Friendly

 

 


Checkerboard Cichlid (crenicara filamentosa):
The fish is brown, covered in checkerboard pattern of deep blue and orange. The fins are red and blue. This fish tends to lurk around the bottom of the aquarium, and likes hiding places.

Size Origin Ease of keep Food Temp Type
75 mm S.America Easy all foods 24 C Friendly



Discus (Symphysodon discus):
The Discus is a veryattractive fish, but it is very delicate so I would not recommend for the beginner. It needs the water temperature of 28C.

Size Origin Ease of keep Food Temp Type
150 mm S. America Difficult Meat 28 C Species

Firemouth cichlid (Cichlasoma meeki):
The Firemouth Cichlid has an red colour on its underbelly, which can be quite intense. The fish can be very territorial during spawning, otherwise they will be peaceful to other tank mates. They are great parents, and make a nuclear famaly.

Size Origin Ease of keep Food Temp Type
90 mm Guatemala Moderately easy all foods 24 C friendly

Picture – Freshwater Aquarium and Shirlie Sharp..


Lemon Cichlid (Neolamprologus leleupi):
True to its name, it is has a pure lemon colour all over its body. It is normally a peaceful fish, although it can be quite aggresive if there are too many fish in the tank. They are cave breeders, and the male will defend the territory during spawning.

Size Origin Ease of keep Food Temp Type
100 mm L.Tanganyika Difficult Live foods 24 C Friendly
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